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|Posté le: Lun 12 Mar - 11:20 (2018) Sujet du message: and national debate about allegations
|HARBIN Evgeni Malkin Jersey , Sept. 18 (Xinhua) -- Over 70 years ago, Okawa Fukumatsu was awarded a sabre for his outstanding services in human vivisection during World War II.
Two years ago, in his wheelchair, the former Japanese soldier handed the sabre to Jin Chengmin, curator of the Exhibition Hall of Crime Evidences of Unit 731 in northeast China's Heilongjiang Province.
The sabre had belonged to Shiro Ishii, commander of Unit 731, a top-secret biological and chemical warfare research base established in Harbin as the nerve center of Japanese biological warfare in China and Southeast Asia.
Since July, the one-meter-long sword has been on display in the museum as evidence of the Japanese unit's crimes against humanity.
In 2008, Jin flew to Japan to obtain evidence from former Unit 731 soldiers. He arranged a meeting with Fukumatsu but received a call from his family canceling it just moments before his arrival.
Jin was frustrated, but he did not want to give up. On his way back he called Fukumatsu to make another plea. Fukumatsu agreed to meet but made him promise not to ask anything about Unit 731.
To Jin's surprise, Fukumatsu talked about his time at Unit 731 during the meeting - telling the secrets that Ishii ordered him to "take to the grave."
In a video recorded by Jin, Fukumatsu said he was recruited by the Japanese army in 1941 when he was a student at Waseda University. He was soon dispatched to China as a "military surgeon."
Fukumatsu said he was ordered to perform human experimentation. When he refused, his meals were stopped as punishment.
"I gradually became numb. I operated on two people a day, and that increased to five people a day as my assignment went on," he said.
"Dissecting a body of a comfort woman in front of a crying child, poisoning a toddler after freezing him in ice and snow... I lost count of how many 'maruta' I experimented on. I spent almost all of my time in the dissecting room," he said.
"Maruta" was the code-name for the human experimentation project. In Japanese the word directly translates as "wood that has been skinned" or "logs," which is how the test subjects were referred to. At least 3,000 civilians and prisoners of war from China, the Soviet Union and Korea perished at the hands of Japanese scientists.
The retreating Japanese blew up the base when the Soviet army took Harbin in 1945. However, the evidence and guilt were not so easily destroyed.
At an international symposium on war and medical ethics in 2007, Fukumatsu attended as a witness, testifying to the atrocities of Unit 731.
As the two men became acquainted, Fukumatsu revealed his possession of the sabre. He allowed Jin only to watch from a distance and take no photos.
During the two meetings that followed, Jin persuaded Fukumatsu to let him take photos and videos of the sabre. In the winter of 2015, with the help of Japanese friends, Fukumatsu finally agreed to donate the sabre as evidence.
Monday marked the 86th anniversary of September 18 Incident, regarded as the beginning of the Japanese invasion. Illuminated by the light of the display cabinet, the sabre shines with a chilling lustre, reminding visitors of inhumanities committed in the past.
Trevor Noah, one of the most prominent comedy hosts in the US, has spoken out against the wider problem of racial bias among police, saying he has been stopped by US officers "eight to 10 times."
Noah, who is South African and hosts The Daily Show, made the remarks after a Minnesota police officer was acquitted of all charges over the fatal shooting of 32-year-old Philando Castile last July.
Speaking to the audience between taping segments for the show on Tuesday, the 33-year-old said he had been stopped by police "at least eight to 10 times" in the six years he has lived in the US.
"I've been stopped in rental cars, I've been stopped in my car, I've been stopped in a car with tinted windows, a car with rims, a car with no rims. I've been stopped in a Tesla," Noah said.
"You get to a point where you realize it's just part of a black person's life in America," he remarked. "It's insane that it's such a normal thing."
The Minnesota officer was acquitted on June 16 over the shooting of Castile, who was in the vehicle with his girlfriend and her 4-year-old daughter.
Castile was initially singled out for a traffic stop because the officer thought he resembled a robbery suspect.
The officer opened fire while Castile was buckled in his seat, saying he thought Castile was reaching for a gun, which the motorist had earlier volunteered he was carrying legally.
"Whenever I get pulled over, the first thing I do is throw my arms out the window and it looks so stupid when you see me," said Noah.
The US has been beset in recent years by protests and national debate about allegations of police brutality and institutional racism over a string of deadly shootings of unarmed black suspects.
"Often times in America the conversation gets caught up in racism as it pertains to black and white, but I don't believe that that is the conversation," Noah said.
"I believe that the police force as a whole is trained in such a way that it creates state racism. That is different," he said.
Noah grew up in the South African township of Soweto, the child of a then-prohibited relationship between a black woman and a white Swiss father.
Walt Disney Co (DIS.N) is in the lead to acquire much of Twenty-First Century Fox Inc's (FOXA.O) media empire, though rival suitor Comcast Corp (CMCSA.O) remains in contention, people familiar with the matter said on Tuesday.
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